UPSC Key-September 9, 2022: Why you should read ‘Basic Structure of Constitution’ or ‘Cultural Infrastructure’ or ‘Constitutional Monarchy’ for UPSC CSE

FRONT PAGE

Queen Elizabeth II, monarch who dominated for 7 a long time, dies

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: 

• Common Research I: Historical past of the world will embody occasions from 18th century corresponding to industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of nationwide boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism and so on.— their types and impact on the society

• Common Research II: Bilateral, regional and world groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s pursuits.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch and a rock of stability throughout a lot of a turbulent century, died Thursday after 70 years on the throne. She was 96.

Do You Know- Queen Elizabeth II is the world’s longest-serving monarch, whose reign of just about seven a long time is the oldest and longest-reigning monarch in British historical past. In September 2015 she surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria, who reigned for 63 years and 7 months. In 2016, Elizabeth additionally grew to become the longest-reigning monarch on the earth with the demise of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. In 2022, she grew to become the second-longest-reigning monarch in world historical past, behind seventeenth century French King Louis XIV, who took the throne at age 4.

• What’s Constitutional Monarchy?

• Why British Monarchy is named constitutional monarchy.

• What are the important thing options of a constitutional monarchy?

• Queen Elizabeth II as a Monarch-Know the function of Queen Elizabeth II in Britain’s polity.

• Queen Elizabeth II and India-How was the bilateral relations with Britain beneath her reign?

• What’s the fashionable Elizabethan Period?

• Queen Elizabeth II had endured by way of 15 prime ministers-Know intimately

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍Elizabeth, the Queen who moved with altering world for many years

📍The British Commonwealth: Its previous, current, and post-Queen Elizabeth future

📍Queen Elizabeth II: An inscrutable Monarch, endlessly scrutinized onstage and onscreen

Opening revamped Kartavya Path, unveiling Netaji statue, PM underline’s function of ‘cultural infrastructure’

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: 

• Common Research I: Fashionable Indian historical past from concerning the center of the eighteenth century till the current important occasions, personalities, points.

• Common Research II: Authorities insurance policies and interventions for growth in varied sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story– “Kingsway, or Rajpath, the image of slavery, has change into a matter of historical past from immediately and has been erased perpetually. A brand new historical past has been created within the type of Kartavya Path,” mentioned Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday night, whereas inaugurating the Kartavya Path (the revamped Central Vista Avenue) on the India Gate. He additionally congratulated the nation “for his or her freedom from yet one more image of slavery of the British Raj”.

• Central Vista Redevelopment Undertaking-know intimately

• “Kingsway, or Rajpath, the image of slavery”-Analyse the assertion

• What do you perceive by the time period ‘Cultural Infrastructure’?

• What’s India’s Funding in growing cultural infrastructure?

• In line with PM Modi, “India is now transferring past the mentality of colonialism. The Indian Navy has additionally adopted Chhatrapati Shivaji’s image and shed the image of ghulaami. These adjustments usually are not restricted to symbols. These adjustments are part of the nation’s foundations”-Analyse the assertion

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍NATION & NARRATION

📍Meet the shramjeevis, highlighted in PM’s speech

📍Fashionable and rooted

📍The highway to Kartavya Path

📍The historical past of the Grand Cover at India Gate — and all concerning the statue of Netaji Bose that was unveiled there

Breakthrough in Ladakh: Indian, Chinese language troops disengaging in Gogra-Sizzling Springs

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: India and its neighborhood- relations.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story-Indian and Chinese language troops have begun disengaging at Patrolling Pillar (15) within the Gogra-Hotspring area of Japanese Ladakh, the federal government mentioned Thursday. Forces of the 2 international locations have been locked in a confrontational place within the space since April 2020.

Know the Background-In Could 2020 when China had diverted its troops who had come to the Tibetan plateau area for his or her annual train, in the direction of the Line of Precise Management (LAC) in jap Ladakh, making a standoff with India, PP15 and PP17A had been two of the 4 factors the place the troopers had been eyeball-to-eyeball.

• What are PP15 and 17A?

For Your Info-PP15 is situated in an space often called the Sizzling Springs, whereas PP17A is close to an space known as the Gogra publish.

Map Work-Chang Chenmo river, Gogra-Sizzling Springs, Kongka Cross, Galwan Valley

• What’s the significance of this area?

• How important are they for the navy?

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍Defined: In India-China border dispute, strategic significance of Sizzling Springs, Gogra Submit

📍India-China confrontation exhibits Beijing in poor gentle for making an attempt to tug into its tensions with US a rustic struggling to outlive

10% quota for EWS: SC says will look at if legislation violates fundamental construction

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Most important Examination: Common Research II: Authorities insurance policies and interventions for growth in varied sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- A Structure Bench of the Supreme Courtroom, listening to petitions towards the ten per cent quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in authorities jobs and admissions, will look at whether or not the Structure (103rd Modification) Act, by which it was launched, violates the essential construction of the Structure.

• What’s Doctrine of the ‘fundamental construction’?

• How has the doctrine of fundamental construction developed?

• What energy is granted by Article 368 of the Indian Structure?

• Shankari Prasad case (1951), Golak Nath case (1967), Kesavananda Bharati case (1973), Indira Nehru Gandhi case (1975), Minerva Mills case (1980), Waman Rao case (1981) and the evolution of fundamental Construction of the Structure-connect the dots

• What are the options of the ‘Fundamental Construction of Structure’?

• What’s distinction between quota and reservation?

• What’s the 103 Modification in Indian Structure?

• Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)-who are Economically Weaker Sections?

• Know the important thing highlights of the Economically Weaker Sections Reservation-103rd Structure (Modification) Act, 2019

• What was the Supreme Courtroom’s Verdict in Indira Sawhney case 1992?

• Supreme Courtroom on EWS Reservation Standards-Find out about it

• EWS Reservation-Points and Challenges

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍SC refers anti-EWS quota pleas to five-judge bench

📍Reservation a accountability, not a burden, says Pradhan

📍Defined: How horizontal, vertical quotas work; what Supreme Courtroom mentioned

With micro forests, how a district in Punjab expands its inexperienced cowl

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance-Structure, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Coverage, Rights Points, and so on and Common points on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Local weather Change

Mains Examination: 

• Common Research II: Vital facets of governance

• Common Research III: Conservation, environmental air pollution and degradation, environmental affect evaluation.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- Kuharianwali, a village within the Fazilka district of Punjab, has change into a trendsetter in increasing forest cowl. As of 2021, in accordance with knowledge from the Forest Analysis Institute, the district had simply 1.34 per cent forest cowl, one of many lowest within the state. The district administration knew it needed to do one thing to drastically change the image.

• What was the rationality behind “My village, my forest” challenge?

• What’s Miyawaki methodology?

• What are micro forest?

• How did the Fazilka district administration take native folks in confidence for this challenge?

• What impact did this initiative have on the neighborhood?

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍Miyawaki methodology: This city foresting methodology affords an answer to local weather change

EXPRESS NETWORK

Don’t evaluate hijab with Sikh turbans: SC

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Mains Examination:

• Common Research I: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

• Common Research II: Authorities insurance policies and interventions for growth in varied sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- Asserting that sporting of a hijab is remitted by the Quran, which Muslims consider is “excellent for all occasions to return”, appellants earlier than the Supreme Courtroom in Karnataka hijab ban case on Thursday questioned conclusions within the Excessive Courtroom judgment linking its relevance to passage of time because the follow originated.

• “Not draw parallels between sporting of hijab with members of Sikh neighborhood sporting turbans”-What’s the distinction between the 2?

• What are the spiritual freedom given by the Structure of India?

• “Hijab is just not an important a part of Islam within the method a turban was to the Sikh faith”-Analyse the assertion

• What’s the “Doctrine of Important Practices”?

• What’s the Important Apply Check?

• How numerous nation like India ought to distinguish between issues of faith and issues aside from faith?

• Supreme Courtroom of India on definition of faith with respect to the constitution-Know intimately

• How judiciary has drawn a distinction between the sacred and the secular?

• Indian mannequin of secularism and French mannequin of Secularism-Examine and Distinction

• What Does the Indian Structure Say on Freedom of Faith?

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍The issue with the Karnataka HC’s hijab ruling

📍Defined: Freedom of faith and apparel

📍What the hijab ban is absolutely about

Meals baskets for sufferers, job coaching for kin in bid for ‘TB mukt Bharat’

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Financial and Social Growth

Most important Examination: Common Research II: Points regarding growth and administration of Social Sector/Companies regarding Well being, Training, Human Assets.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- Working in the direction of the aim of eliminating tuberculosis (TB) by 2025, the Union Well being Ministry is launching the Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan on Friday, which is able to embody neighborhood assist for sufferers – dietary and extra diagnostic assist for them, and vocational coaching for his or her households.

• Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan-Know the important thing highlights

• What’s ‘Ni-kshay Mitra’?

• Tuberculosis (TB) and India- analyse intimately

• India TB Report 2021 and World TB Report 2021-key Highlights and who publishes?

• Know the term-BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin)

• Nationwide Strategic Plan 2017-2025 for TB Elimination in India-Points and Challenges

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍The Uncared for Disaster

📍Nationwide Strategic Plan 2017-2025 for TB Elimination in India

India slips 2 locations on HDI as Covid-19 reverses world beneficial properties

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Financial and Social Growth-Sustainable Growth, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, and so on.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: Vital Worldwide establishments, businesses and fora- their construction, mandate.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- India’s rank on the Human Growth Index has slipped from 130 in 2020 to 132 in 2021, in step with a worldwide fall in HDI scores within the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, exhibits the Human Growth Report 2021-22 launched Thursday.

For Your Info-In line with the report, launched by the United Nations Growth Programme (UNDP), India’s HDI worth stood at 0.633 throughout 2021, which was decrease than the world common of 0.732. In 2020, too, India recorded a decline in its HDI worth (0.642) compared to the pre-Covid degree of 2019 (0.645).

• What’s Human Growth Index?

• Who printed the Human Growth Index report?

• What’s the rank of India in Human Growth Index 2022?

• What are the 4 HDI indicators?

• What’s Human Growth?

• Can the event of people be quantified?

• What Are the Criticisms of the Human Growth Index (HDI)?

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍What Are the Criticisms of the Human Growth Index (HDI)?

📍HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2021-22

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

Golden chapter continues

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story- Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty writes: Whereas bilateral ties will proceed to develop, inimical forces will search to undermine goodwill. Each international locations should cooperate extra carefully towards this menace if the long run must be secured for financial development and prosperity

• “The Joint Assertion issued after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s go to to Bangladesh in March 2021 famous that bilateral ties had been having fun with a “Shonali Adhhaye” (golden chapter)”-how has the connection with Bangladesh developed through the years?

• How Bangladesh is now central to India’s “Neighbourhood First Coverage”, significantly given the financial disaster affecting Pakistan and Sri Lanka?

• The Rohingya refugee and India-Bangladesh-Join the dots

• Know intimately about India’s Water Disputes or quite India’s water points with Bangladesh

• What are the opposite points between India and Bangladesh?

• What was the Ganga water treaty between India and Bangladesh?

• In line with many consultants, the Teesta river remained essentially the most contentious problem between two India and Bangladesh- Are you able to elaborate additional on this?

• What’s the standing of the Teesta dispute?

• Why engagement with Bangladesh is of the immense advantages of deeper financial for the India’s north-eastern states?

• What’s Complete Financial Partnership Settlement (CEPA).

• Complete Financial Cooperation Settlement (CECA) and Complete Financial Partnership Settlement (CEPA)-Examine and Distinction

• India and Bangladesh-how is the commerce relations between each the international locations? are you able to attest your factors by presenting knowledge’s and statistics?

• Complete Financial Partnership Settlement (CEPA) aims between India and Bangladesh-know intimately

• What’s the present institutional frameworks for commerce and funding between India and Bangladesh

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍Commerce between India and Bangladesh, now set for CEPA increase

📍As Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina arrives, taking inventory of India-Bangladesh ties: the achievements and the irritants

📍Sheikh Hasina’s go to: Rivers shared, friendship deepened

EXPLAINED

Pak floods & Indian response

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Key Factors to Ponder:

• What’s the continuing story-PM Narendra Modi has expressed sympathy. For New Delhi, the choice to supply additional assistance will contain balancing between projecting energy as a worldwide responder and managing the ruling occasion’s home political base.

• How India may also help Pakistan on this disaster scenario?

• The Indian Prime Minister’s outreach by the use of a message created a possible opening for “catastrophe diplomacy”-How?

• Why the floods in Pakistan has been described as a ‘superflood’?

Map Work-Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan

• “The present flood is a direct results of a particularly moist monsoon season this 12 months”-Elaborate additional

• Southwest monsoon in Pakistan-Know intimately

• In line with the Scientists, the “superflood” was made extra seemingly by world heating, which drove fiercer rains-establish the hyperlink between world heating, southwest monsoon and floods in Pakistan

• “The larger meandering of the jet stream led to each the extended rain in Pakistan and an excessive heatwave in Russia that 12 months”-Know the function of jet stream in Monsoon

• How the flash flooding and the destruction of river embankments are two important components within the excessive demise toll in Pakistan?

Different Vital Articles Overlaying the identical matter:

📍‘Monster monsoon’: why the floods in Pakistan are so devastating

📍Defined: What induced Pakistan’s monster monsoon?

 

 

 

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