Balraj Sahni (1913-1973) was a well-known Indian movie actor and author recognized for working in movies resembling Dharti ke Lal (1946), Hum Log (1951), Do Bigha Zameen (1953), Sutta Bazaar (1959), Kabuliwala (1961), Neel Kamal (1968), Do Raaste (1969), and Garam Hawa (1973). Balraj Sahni handed away on the age of 59 on 13 April 1973 after affected by a coronary heart assault.
Balraj Sahni was born as Yudhishthir Sahni on Thursday, 1 Could 1913 (age 59; on the time of his demise) in Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India (current day Pakistan). His zodiac signal is Taurus. To start with, he began his education from Arya Samaj Gurukul. However later bought admitted to D.A.V. after protesting to his father in regards to the poor schooling in Gurukul. He studied M.A. in English from the Authorities Faculty College, Lahore. He was additionally an alumnus of Authorities Gordon Faculty, Rawalpindi. He had a bachelor’s diploma in Hindi.
Peak (approx.): 5′ 10″
Hair Color: White
Eye Color: Black
Balraj Sahni was born in a household of Arya Samaj followers.
Mother and father & Siblings
Balraj Sahni’s father’s identify was Harbans Lal Sahni. He was an import businessman. Balraj Sahni’s mom, Lakshmi Devi was a homemaker.
Balraj Sahni had a brother, Bhisham Sahni, who was a well-known author, playwright, and actor.
Spouse & Kids
Balraj Sahni married twice. His first spouse, Damayanti Sahni was an actress and a social activist. Sadly, she handed away in 1947 at a younger age of 28.
After the passing away of his first spouse, Balraj Sahni married his second cousin, Santosh Chandhok, a author in 1949.
Balraj Sahni had 3 children, Parikshit Sahni, a well-known Bollywood actor, and Shabnam Sahni from Damayanti. He turned the daddy of Sanober from Santosh.
Faith/Non secular Views
Though he was born right into a household that staunchly adopted Arya Samaj, Balraj Sahni was not very a lot into faith. His son, Parikshit Sahni mentioned his views on faith in an interview and mentioned,
He was averse to faith. In his e-book, Mera Drishitikon, he urged readers to be cautious of padres, pundits and mullahs. They’re those inflicting wars on this planet he wrote.”
In 1934, after finishing the grasp’s diploma, Balraj Sahni began working in his father’s import enterprise. In 1937, he went to Lahore and ventured into journalism for a short time and revealed a newspaper known as ‘Monday Morning’. This turned out to be a horrible mistake and he quickly went to Kolkata together with his spouse Damyanti. He would usually write brief tales after finishing his grasp’s diploma. In Kolkata, he began to write down extra steadily. His brother Bhisham Sahni wrote about his actions in Kolkata in his e-book, ‘Balraj My Brother’,
He started contributing humorous items to a pictorial weekly, known as Sachitra Bharat, from which he earned precisely 4 rupees per article. His attention-grabbing youngsters’s story, ‘Dhapor Shankh’, was written in these days.”
The cash from writing wasn’t sufficient and the couple then moved to Santiniketan the place Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore lived and have become a Hindi instructor. In 1939, with the blessings of Gandhiji, he left for England and have become a Hindi broadcaster for the BBC. He returned to India in 1943 and shortly joined the IPTA (Indian Individuals’s Theatre Affiliation) and began working in performs. In 1946, he began working in movies.
Baraj Sahni has appeared in a number of Hindi movies. He has starred in an Assamese movie titled ‘Period Bator Sur’ (1956).
He has additionally starred in two Punjabi language movies, ‘Satluj De Kandhe’ (1964), which gained the Nationwide Movie Award for Greatest Function Movie in Punjabi language and a blockbuster hit movie ‘Nanak Dukhiya Sab Sansar’ (1970).
In 1946, he had a minor function within the film ‘Insaf’. In the identical yr, he additionally labored on ‘Door Chalen’, ‘Badnami’, and ‘Dharti Ke Lal’. Dharti Ke Lal was very properly acquired amongst critics everywhere in the world as a consequence of its intense and reasonable portrayal of famine-struck Bengal.
In 1951, he starred in ‘Hum Log’ as Raj, which acquired optimistic opinions from critics. In the identical yr, he additionally starred in ‘Hulchul’ as Jailor. Paradoxically, he was jailed in actual life as a consequence of communist actions and was given to return out just for the taking pictures scenes and must return to jail after the shoot.
The breakthrough function of Balraj Sahni’s profession got here in 1953 when he performed Shambhu Maheto in ‘Do Bigha Zameen’. It was the primary movie to win the Filmfare Award for Greatest Movie and was additionally the primary Indian movie to win Prix Internationale on the Cannes Movie Pageant. To organize for his function, he discovered to drag the rickshaw on the Rickshawallas’ Union. On the set of the movie, he met a rickshaw puller whose story was just like the protagonist of the movie. The incident crammed him with confidence and zeal that helped him to get into the function. He wrote in regards to the incident in his autobiography,
As I sat there in my rick-shaw, forlorn and dejected, a middle-aged ricksha-wallah approached me. He had been watching our tamasha from a distance. Aside from his poor well being, he may need been a kind of Jogeshwari Bhayyas. His sickly, pockmarked face confirmed a greyish development of a number of days, and he had yellow protruding enamel. He needed to know what all of the fuss was about. I advised him we had been taking pictures a movie.
‘You appearing in that movie?’
I felt, if I talked to the man, it could distract my thoughts and assist me come out of my gloomy temper. I started telling him the story of the movie, the best way Hrishikesh Mukherji had advised me earlier. It was now his flip to be diminished to tears. His tears had been, nonetheless, extra ‘real’ than mine, in that it was his personal life-story he was listening to! He too had do bigha zamin in a Bihar village, which had lain mortgaged to a zamindar for fifteen years. All these years, he had been pulling a rickshaw within the streets of Calcutta, trying ahead to the day when he would save sufficient cash to get his land again. However now he had given up all hope of ever seeing his land once more. After having recounted to me these particulars of his life, he sighed deeply and, as he walked away, mentioned, ‘Yeh to meri kahani hai babu, yeh to meri kahani hai! These easy phrases touched a wire deep inside me. The speculation of appearing be damned and to hell with Sisir Bhaduri and Dilip Kumar. The very peasant down-and-out, depressing and meek, whose life I used to be purported to painting on the display had appeared from nowhere, and stood earlier than me in flesh and blood. This was an opportunity of a life-time, for which I ought to thank my stars. In a flash, I noticed this function as a problem to my appearing capability, a duty which I needed to fulfil by exerting myself to the utmost. Come what might, I need to not shirk it. That will be solely cowardice, a sin, I advised myself.”
In 1954, Balraj Sahni starred in ‘Bazooband’ as Surajmal. In the identical yr, he additionally starred in one other memorable movie ‘Aulaad’. His son, Parikshit Sahni as soon as accompanied him on the units of Aulaad the place he bought to witness the dedication of his father to his craft first-hand. He recalled the incident in an interview and mentioned,
As soon as I had accompanied him for the taking pictures of Aulad (1954). The scene had Dad holding the gates of his grasp’s home and begging for his youngster, “Malik mujhe mera bachcha toh de do!” The scene accomplished, everybody clapped and pack-up was introduced. On the best way again within the automobile, Dad mentioned he wasn’t pleased with the shot. He drove again and advised director Mohan Segal that he needed a retake. Mohanji felt it wasn’t required. Dad issued an ultimatum that if he didn’t enable him to take action, he wouldn’t report for taking pictures. The studio was reopened. The lights had been arrange once more. Dad gave the retake. However this time nobody clapped. As a result of they had been all crying. It was that good a shot. Later, Dad defined, “I needed to really feel the shot. I needed to relive what I felt when your mom died.”
In 1955, he starred in ‘Tangewali’ as Laxman. In the identical yr, he starred in ‘Seema’ as Ashok ‘Babuji’ and ‘Garam Coat’ as Girdharilal “Girdhari”.
In 1957, he starred in ‘Pardesi’ as Sakharam. It was an Indo-Soviet co-production directed by Indian director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and Russian director Vasili Pronin. In the identical yr, he starred within the comedy ‘Mai Baap’ as Chandan.
In 1958, he starred in ‘Lajwanti’ as Nirmal Kumar together with Nargis within the lead. The movie gained the Nationwide Movie Award for Greatest Function Movie in Hindi. In 1958, he starred in ‘Ghar Sansar’ as Kailash. In 1959, he starred in ‘Chand’ as Mr. Kapoor. In the identical yr, he starred in ‘Chhoti Bahen’ as Rajendra.
In 1960, he starred in ‘Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere’ as Panchu Dada. In the identical yr, he additionally starred in two different movies, ‘Bindya’ as Devraj and ‘Anuradha’ as Dr. Nirmal Chaudhary. In 1961, he starred in ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’ as Shyam. He additionally starred in a critically acclaimed ‘Kabuliwala’ as Abdul Rehman Khan in the identical yr.
In 1962, he starred in ‘Shaadi’ as Ratan and ‘Anpadh’ as Chaudhary Shambhunath. In 1964, he starred in ‘Haqeeqat’ as Main Ranjit Singh. In 1965, he had a cameo in ‘Dak Ghar’ as Andhe Baba/Fakir. In the identical yr, he starred in a critically acclaimed movie ‘Waqt’ as Lala Kedarnath Prasanta. He has ceaselessly immortalised the tune ‘Ae Meri Zohrajabeen’ of the film together with his good efficiency.
In 1968, he performed the function of Mr. Raichand in ‘Neel Kamal’. In the identical yr, he starred in ‘Sunghursh’ as Ganeshi Prasad. In 1969, he starred within the blockbuster movie ‘Ek Phool Do Mali’ as Kailashnath Kaushal and was nominated for the Filmfare Greatest Supporting Actor Award. In 1970, he starred in ‘Ghar Ghar Ki Kahani’ as Shankarnath.
In 1973, he starred in ‘Garam Hawa’ as Salim Mirza. The movie gained the Nargis Dutt Award for Greatest Function Movie on Nationwide Integration together with three Filmfare Awards. In 1977, he starred in ‘Amaanat’ as Suresh.